Caliphal capital



Caliphal capital

Córdoba (?)
Second half of the 10th century
White marble sculpted with the drill and bevelled
28 x 37 x 27.5 cm
Probably from Córdoba (Andalusia)
MEV 3407

Composite order capital that presents a tambour with a decorative motif formed by a double crown of eight acanthus leaves in each of the registers and a head to toe arrangement. Above this lower register there is the curved echinus, with a convex surface and decorated with three stalks arranged symmetrically. Both parts are separated by a collarino with a classical rosary, with oval pearls, and after that two more seen side on. Its perimeter is interrupted by the socket in which the volutes were set, all but one of them now lost. Finally, in the top part there is the crossshaped abacus with curvilinear arms. From their respective centres each of the cubes that rest on the echinus are projected. From the characteristics of the acanthus leaf wreaths, especially the second one, and the stylization of the fingering, this capital has to be dated to the reign of Caliph al-Hakam II (961-976), when he carried out the work on the Alcázar of Córdoba.

1 History of the Museum
2 Archaelogy
3 Lapidary